Repeat with F4

To repeat the last action you have performed on any range, or cell, you can press the F4 function key.

Not all actions can be repeated, but most can.

If you have recently performed two actions only the last one will be repeated.

Convert to a Number

Numbers formatted as text (often imported from other systems) can cause issues in Excel.

To convert a number formatted as text into a real number that can be used in calculations use a formula like.


This will convert a number formatted as text in A1 into a real number.

NOTE: it will return an error if the value cannot be converted into a number.

New Window

To open a new window for the current file, which allows you to resize and see two separate views of the same file use

Alt w n

Pressed in sequence, not held down.

Be careful when you open multiple windows. Make sure you close the windows with the highest numbers first. Look at the top of the window to see the window number.

If you don’t, you can lose view and print settings.

Perfection is achieved, not when there is nothing more to add, but when there is nothing left to take away.

Antoine de Saint-Exupery (1900-1944)

Take the attitude of a student. Never be too big to ask questions. Never know too much to learn something new.

Og Mandino (1923 – 1996)